1.) Introduction

As technology is advancing day by day people are becoming more and more dependent on it. It is both a good and a bad thing. In the automation sector some of the major car companies like Ford, Tesla, Honda, Toyota are researching and developing models for self-driving vehicles. Self-driving vehicles are the future of automation. They are also the need of the hour, according to a survey in the united states 94% of the crashes were caused by human error (NHTSA, 2016) 1 and 75% of the crashes in the United Kingdom were caused by human error (Science & Technology Select committee, 2017) 1. Self-driving vehicles are expected to reduce the rate of accidents by a considerable margin. If these vehicles do not reduce the rate of accidents, then the government and the buyers would not accept these vehicles as the main purpose or the aim of these vehicles is to reduce the amount of accidents that happen due to human error. Self-driving vehicles are common in some parts of the united states, major companies like Uber and Dominoes have started using SVD’s (self-driving vehicles). There are two major problems associated with them. One is the Trolley problem and the other one being the unemployment of people whose bread and butter depend on driving. I will talk about them in detail ahead. Trolley problem is where the ethics of a self-driving vehicle come into play. There are a lot of complications accompanying these vehicles. For example, if something unwanted happens because of these vehicles who should be put to blame, the owner, the company or the person who is sitting inside the vehicle. The justice system for self-driving vehicles should be very well defined before they are made 100% commercial.

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2.) History

Citation

1.) Liu, P., Yang, R., ; Xu, Z. (2018). How Safe Is Safe Enough for Self-Driving Vehicles? Risk Analysis : An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis, .