“A subjective view of psychological well-being would be to say that we are happy or satisfied with our lives.” Tilmouth, Tina. Level 5 Diploma in Leadership for Health and Social Care 2nd Edition (p. 229). Hodder Education. Kindle Edition.

Although, not everyone is made happy by the same things. This can be said for both service users and care staff. Therefore, although how we feel and our emotions control much of psychological well-being, it is not enough. In order to have very fulfilling lives and to feel good, we must experience purpose and meaning, alongside positive emotions. Psychologist Carol Ryff created the “Psychological Well-being Model” which details psychological wellbeing as having six significant parts:
• Self-acceptance
• Positive relations with others
• Autonomy
• Environmental mastery
• Purpose in life
• Personal growth

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Practice should be reflective of these factors to promote social, emotional, cultural, spiritual and intellectual well-being. Psychological wellbeing is about providing service users with an experience which is balanced and well-rounded and the emotions to go with this. “The application of Ryff’s model, both in terms of assessment and treatment, thus suggests that optimally balanced well-being differs from person to person: there is no single right way to be well (people have differing combinations of strengths and vulnerabilities and one has to work with what is available). The cross-cultural implications of the model are thus considerable and should integrate Vaillant’s framework. Further, Ryff emphasizes that personality assets should be combined with contextual variables (work, family life, social ties and socioeconomic conditions). The central message is that personality, well-being and distress come together in different ways for different people.” https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3363381/

The Care Act 2014 issued the Department of Health Care and Support statutory guidance which defines wellbeing as a “broad concept” which relates to the following:
• “personal dignity (including treatment of the individual with respect)
• physical and mental health and emotional wellbeing
• protection from abuse and neglect
• control by the individual over day-to-day life (including over care and support provided and the way it is provided)
• participation in work, education, training or recreation
• social and economic wellbeing
• domestic, family and personal relationships
• suitability of living accommodation
• the individual’s contribution to society.”
https://www.skillsforcare.org.uk/Document-library/Standards/Care-Act/learning-and-development/introduction-and-overview/wellbeing-handout.pdf