Achter, Paul J. “McCarthyism.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 18 Dec. 2017, www.britannica.com/topic/McCarthyism.
McCarthy’s suspicion of communism led to unhappy events. The intended audience are those who are mainly looking for information on McCarthyism and how it ended. McCarthyism was a period of time where Sen. Joseph McCarthy established a series of investigations and hearings during the 1950s in an effort to exposed supposed communist in the areas of the government. McCarthy proposed a speech that 205 communists are in the State Department. As the years went by McCarthy was constantly in the spotlight, although he failed to make a plausible case against anyone. McCarthy’s accusations costed people out of their jobs.When McCarthy suspected Army’s lawyer,Joseph Welch, a tide of public opinion rushed against him. Many others started to go against McCarthy and this caused him to get censured by the Senate.
The article concludes by saying that McCarthyism ended with the Senator’s downfall, it is still has currency in modern political discourse. The author was very informational about the topic and he also used quotes and other people to get his point across. The article have to bias and a negative feeling towards it. The article is very helpful because it gives very good information and research was conducted to make it. I would use this source if I had to do a report on McCarthyism.
“Hollywood Blacklist.” United States History, u-s-History.com, 10 October 2018 www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1850.html.
The growth of the Hollywood blacklist and what the people on the list went through. The article is intended for those who needs the definition of the Hollywood Blacklist, the number of people, and the 10 who were first on the list. The article starts off with the Hollywood Blacklist started in 1947 when the House Committee on Un-American Activities began to summon certain Hollywood entertainment professionals on the suspicion that their work was communist related. Some writers,producers, and directors became known as the ” Hollywood Ten”, as the media began extensive coverage. The ten refused to tell the HUAC whether or not they were members of the Communist Party. Due to their lack of communication, the House of Representatives voted 346 to 17 to approve contempt citations. All ten of the people served a year in prison, fined $1,000,and “blacklisted”. The 10 people faced difficult times finding a job anywhere in media-based production. Eventually, the list grew to 150 by the 1960’s.
The article concludes by explaining how 500 people from the entertainment industry
were black or greylisted. This article is not very informational. It is very short but has enough information to identify the definition of the Hollywood Blacklist and the reason why people ended up on the list. The main weakness is that the article is limited to a very small amount of information. This article wouldn’t be great to use for research paper terms, only for a little background information just to know.
“Japanese American Internment.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 20 Sept. 2018,4 October 2018, www.britannica.com/event/Japanese-American-internment.
The trails Japanese people living in the US suffered very hard experiences because of hysteria. The intended audience are those who are looking for the trials Japanese Americans went through and how it ended. Japanese American internment was the forced relocation by the US government.Thousands of Japanese Americans were sent to detention camps during World War 2. This all started after the attack on Pearl Harbor by a Japanese aircraft on December 7 , 1941. The US War Department suspected that Japanese Americans might be saboteurs and come political leaders recommended placing them in detention centers. The US government told the Japanese Americans where they should report to an internment camp, some were forced to sell some or all of their property and etc. Many died died in the camps and spent close to 3 years in a atmosphere of tension,suspicion, and despair.The article then explains the turning point for the Japanese Americans. In 1976 President Gerald R. Ford established an order that explained his regret for treating the Japanese Americans with such disrespect. In 1988 the US Congress awarded more than 80,000 Japanese Americans $20,000 each to make up the horrible trials they suffered.
This article was very informational, and a good source to use when wanting to know about the Japanese American internment. The editors seemed to know alot about the topic and the article reflected no suspected bias. The article was easy to understand, which makes it easy easier for the reader. This article exceeded my expectations because the information very interesting and straightforward. This would be a great source to use when doing any paper.
“Japanese-American Internment.” Ushistory.org, Independence Hall Association, 2018, 4 October 2018,www.ushistory.org/us/51e.as
The Japanese-Americans went through ruff trials based on a unevidenced suspicion or accusation. Japanese Americans were suspected of remaining loyal to their ancestral land. The suspicions or paranoia increased when Japanese Americans were seen on the West Coast. From bad advice and popular opinion, Pres. Roosevelt established an executive order in 1942, where all Japanese Americans to concentration camps in the US. Many families had to sell their homes,stores, and their assets, all at small prices. The concentration camps were located in remote areas of seven western states. Japanese-Americans went through difficult times. The camps were too cold, the food was mass produced army-style grub, and the some that would try to run away, armed soldiers keeping watch, would shoot them. Years later Fred korematsu decided to test the government relocation action in the courts and have gotten the order repealed. Although, some Japanese-Americans still went through difficult times. Some weren’t able to return to their hometowns and hostility remained high because many villages displayed signs demanding that the evacuees never return. As a result, many Japanese Americans scattered across the country. In 1988, Congress apologized for the actions by awarding each surviving Japanese-American $20,000.
Although the American camps never reached the levels of Nazi death camps, they still remain a dark mark on the nation’s record of respecting civil liberties and cultural differences. The article was very informational and interesting. The article gave very important facts about the topic and there wasn’t any bias presented. The article is a good source to use,its very easy to read, and it’s great to understand. The article focused on the topic well and that helped me identify the main reasons before, during, and after the Japanese-American internment.
Perlman, Allison. “Hollywood Blacklist.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 9 Aug. 2016, www.britannica.com/topic/Hollywood-blacklist.
Suspicion of communist affected people in the entertainment industry in a negative way. The intended audience are those who need very descriptive facts on the hollywood blacklist. The hollywood blacklist is a list of media workers eligible for employment because of alleged communist generated by Hollywood studios in the late 1940s and ’50s. The media was targeted as a site of subversive infiltration. Accusations of communist influence in the film industry began in 1941, when a pair of Senators led an investigation of Hollywood’s role in promoting Soviet propaganda. Wendell Willkie, the lawyer who defended the studios, revealed the senators’ involvement in Judaism and communism, casting the senators as anti-Semites rather than patriots. In 1947 the House Un-American Activities Committee began investigation in Hollywood and all that they have investigated, 10 refused to testify. The 10 were then called the Hollywood Ten and were imprisoned, with being suspended without pay. After that, the Hollywood blacklist was born. Allison Perlman concludes the article by saying that the HUAC continued to investigate members of the film industry in the 1950s. They not only asked questions about their activities but also about their co-workers. Only one-third of the members cooperated with the committee,but those who did not cooperate risked going to jail and being blacklisted.
The main idea about the article was that the Hollywood blacklist brought media workers into a web of suspicion and fear that characterized the era. This article was very helpful and informational. The author had good background research that supported her article. The suspected bias is towards the Hollywood blacklist that badly affected those in the entertainment industry. This article is a very source to use when researching the Hollywood blacklist.
Pufong, Marc-Georges. “McCarthyism.” Whitney v. California, 4 October 2018, 1mtsu.edu/first-amendment/article/1061/mccarthyism.
Anyone who makes unsupported accusations or engages in unbalanced investigations against people in an attempt to silence or discredit them is practicing McCarthyism. McCarthyism evolved to describe the practice of publicly accusing government employees of political disloyalty or subversive activities and using unsavory investigatory methods to prosecute them. McCarthyism were active during 1950 and 1954. Majority of Congress also shared the belief that CPUSA constituted an active conspiracy that was secretive and loyal to foreign power and dedicated to the secret government of U.S. cultural and political institutions. Most scholars consider McCarthyism to be an outgrowth of the Palmer raids, but for the most part it was for the most part synonymous with Sen. Joseph McCarthy. Anti-McCarthyites would later refer to those investigations as “witch hunts”. McCarthy and his staff made public accusations with little regard for evidence and unfair investigation methods. Later Sen. McCarthy would later himself be accused of victimizing those who appeared before his committee. During this time just being accused of communist can have sufficient damage or many careers or lives.
The article’s main point is McCarthyism is a practice that was unbalanced, the government way of harassment, and violates the First and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution. The author has bias towards McCarthyism. The author presents McCarthyism as a bad and unprofessional practice. Although there is bias, the author does have good research to support his article. I would not choose this article to use because the author uses a lot of bias in the article. But this article was helpful because the author gives strong facts more than opinionated ideas.
“Red Scare .” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 1 June 2010, www.history.com/topics/cold-war/red-scare.
Hysteria over the threat of Communist in the US, and the Red Scare led to actions that affected the government and society. The intended audience for this are those who are looking for information about the Red Scare and the elements that took place because of the Red Scare. This article describes how the Soviet Union carried out activities with US American aid during World War 2. This caused President Harry S. Truman established the “Loyalty Order” to question the federal employees loyalty to the government. Red Scare affected people on a personal level because many were hounded by the government,alienated by friends and family, and fired from their jobs.
The article main point is saying that the Red Scare has continued to influence political debate and is often cited as an example of how unfounded hears can compromise civil liberties. The article is very helpful when is comes to finding what the Red Scare is and how it came to be. The article being sectioned is very helpful because it all pertains to the Red Scare. The article shows bias because it presents the Red Scare as if it led to events that affected badly on the people. Although no research was taken upon. The article did meet my expectations because the information was interesting and it describes the Red Scare step by step.
“1950: The Height of The Red Scare in the US.” HistoryHit, 16 July 2018, 4 October 2018 www.historyhit.com/1950-height-red-scare-us/.
The following article explains the effects of fear of communist. Many places in the world also had suspicions of Communism headed their way. Most of the western world was confronting the very real threat of Communism after World War 2 , now the US suspected it also.On February 9th Senator McCarthy had a piece of paper that contained 205 known Communists who were still working in the State Department. Tens of thousands lost their jobs and even imprisoned as they came under suspicion, often with very little evidence to support the accusations. McCarthy’s actions mainly affected the entertainment industry and the homosexual community. For the entertainment industry, the Hollywood blacklist formed , this when actors and screenwriters were denied employment if they had any suspected ties with communism. Many MaCarthy supporters favored in firing large numbers of homosexuals even if they had absolutely no connection with Communism. In 1953 President Eisenhower signed an Executive Order that prevented any gays from working in the Federal Government. The main events that led to the Senators downfall was the investigation in the army to find the spread of Communism and the suicide of Senator Lester Hunt in June. Lester Hunt was an outspoken critic of McCarthyism, so McCarthy’s supporters attempted to blackmail him out by threatening to arrest and publically prosecute his son over allegations of homosexuality. Lester Hunt spent months being bullied , this caused him to take his life. These two events meant the end for McCarthy and by 1954 the Senate passed a vote to censure him for his actions.
The article concludes with what led to McCarthy’s downfall. The article major weakness was that it didn’t not focus on the topic, Red Scare, like I expected it to. It went on and focused on other topics. I would not choose this article unless I need the events that happened because of the Red Scare. Although, it was helpful also because it gave specific events and examples of different places in the world with similar problems.