After the tragedy of 9/11, the Bush administration has changed american foreign policies in the middle east. Undoubtedly most of world’s political commentators agree that, the 9/11 attacks on the US have drastically changed how it views the rest of the world and how it conducts its foreign policy. During the end of the Second World War and subsequent Cold War the US foreign policy was aimed at containing the Soviet communism, and when Bush (jr) took over the white house in 2001, his administration mainly focused on domestic issues and some of his major foreign policies was the implementation of the “missile shield” programme to be installed in Eastern Europe. After the 9/11 attacks on New York and Washington, President Bush adopted a radical shift in his country foreign policy and how it interacts ro international community. One of the major foreign policy shifts the US has undergone since 9/11 is, under President Bush’s administration, is the US has retreated from multiple involvement and adopted imperialism. This was clearly evident with respect to 2003 Iraq invasion, whereby the US and its coalition of the willing went to war without UN authorizations. Furthermore, Bush made it clear that the United States would hunt and destroys what he called the terrorist training camps wherever they might be, and pursued a robust and hostile foreign policy. This clearly implies that the US would carry out an attack on terrorist suspects within sovereign states without asking them for permission, and example of this would be the recent killing of Osama Bin Laden in Pakistan which was supposed to be carried out without the consent of Pakistani government.
They claimed that Iraq possessed Weapon of Mass destruction that might eventually be used against the United States, either directly or through terrorist networks was not confirmed, therefore President Bush pursued a policy of democratization in the Middle East and particular in Iraq. George W. Bush accepted the status quo in the Middle East, partly because the region is ruled by dictators that are loyal or friendly to the US, and partly because there was and is the fear that democratic Middle East is most likely going to result the rise of Islamist governments. The leading liberal democracy nation, the United States’ Democracy promotion has always been its foreign policy goals but, the since 9/11, the Democracy and the way in which things are going it is suggested a radical shift from policies of previous Administrations. However, the consequences of the shift in foreign policy were far reaching, as the US’s ambition to establish itself as a world leader, ended up pursuing policies and illegal wars, that angered many of its traditional allies, such as France and Germany who opposed the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Given this offensive objective, Bush’s new foreign policy can be interpreted as an effort to enhance U.S. reputation and symbolic power beyond challenge, particularly after post 9/11 attacks that might have made the U.S. appear vulnerable, By risking his ‘reputation’ to achieve one of his major objectives such as regime change in Iraq. Therefore the invasion of Iraq was ‘unavoidable due to the national security interest in protecting that reputation’. One reason that explains why the US became a raising war nation since 9 /11 is that its less easy than it was during the cold war, because following the collapse of the Soviet Union the US remained the only Super Power left in the world. Another radical shift in foreign policy after 9/11 is the policy of extraordinary version. ‘Extraordinary version dates back to the Reagan years and was first used against suspected Islamists in the late 1990s’ but the Bush Administration used it excessively and illegally. The term itself applies to moving around terrorists suspects around the world by the CIA. These suspects are not only moved around for the sake of moving around, but they are moved around to be tortured, in some of the most awful human rights abusing countries in the world such as Morocco, Syria and Egypt. “The evidence of torture by the Bush administration is overwhelming. Bush publicly admitted that in two cases he approved the use of waterboarding and authorised illegal CIA secret detention and renditions programmes” such practices violate the Universal Declaration of Human rights which the United States of America is a signatory. So on President Bush got praised as a Hero fighting against ‘terrorism’. Conservatives framed him as a villain.
Therefore, the post 9/11 US foreign policy, especially during George W. Bush’s Administration appears to turned blind to the promotion and protection of human rights, partly because it was the human rights violator and partly to build up its interest and security. The event of 9/11 saw the US aggressively invading sovereign nations and waging illegal wars under international law. It also saw, the US working closely with dictators and unknown regimes whose human rights abuses are well documented. The administration also pursued a robust and aggressive foreign policy towards Islamic world and carried out a policy of regime change in Afghanistan and Iraq.
The Social impact that 9/11 had always gets forgotten for those people who aren’t muslim, or look like people from the middle east. In America the population of Muslims make up to 1% of the nations population. That one percent is bearing down and is facing harsh prejudices, of something that they didn’t even had any relation too. A part huge part that tributes to that prejudice is the media. They gained the awareness of muslim, and people who look like from somebody of the middle east, are automatically being put in the drawer of being a terrorist.
Not only the perspective has changed to an Anti-Muslim sentiment.