An essay is a type of assignment in which you give your opinion on one topic through the analysis and discussion of academic sources. An essay has the format of an introduction, body paragraphs and a conclusion usually.
Critical analysis is important in writing essay. One way you can demonstrate this is by summarising and paraphrasing other writers, by comparing, contrasting and evaluating their ideas. You can use the analysis to develop your own opinions, questions or conclusions.
Writing an introduction of essay, you need to have a clear position on a topic (sometimes called a thesis statement). You then support your thesis statement in the body of the essay, using relevant ideas and evidence from appropriate sources. It is crucial that you present your own ideas, opinions and analyses throughout your essay. When you use someone else’s ideas, you must acknowledge it correctly through referencing. Citations are included within the text and a reference list or bibliography at the end of the text, both according to the referencing style required by your unit.
Essay writing is different to:
1) reflective writing, which is based primarily on your personal experiences
2) report writing, which focuses primarily on reporting facts and making recommendations.