Aspiration from racist discrepancy to superlative equality and equity, the actions and triumphs of Torres Strait islanders and indigenous aboriginals demurred vigorously for betterment of their rights and freedoms. From the position of the aboriginals, change and development was required due to repulsive policies, legal regulations and bigoted views from the white, Australian culture. Protection and paternalism, assimilation/stolen generations, wave hill walk off and 1967 referendum, all concepts of evolution within the indigenous culture in which influenced their lives greatly in both negative and positive impacts.

1967, a year in which empowered and gave hope to those of the indigenous culture due to humane and transformative actions in which credited them with the justice and rights they deserved and longed for. Australians within our nation, voted 90% in favour in order to change the constitution to help recognise the importance for the indigenous to be allowed to maintain their cultural views and practices. Acting upon putting the referendum into action changed two sections acknowledging those indigenous aboriginals. Section 51 of the Australian constitution stated that “The Parliament shall, subject to this Constitution, have power to make laws for the peace, order, and good government of the Commonwealth with respect to: …The people of any race, other than the aboriginal people in any State, for whom it is necessary to make special laws.” This statement was the original line within the constitution created within the 1900’s, this distasteful choice of a rule, was petitioned to change into removing the part of that states  “…other than the aboriginal people in any State…” in order for the indigenous to be included and treated fairly within our whole nation. Section 127 stated “In reckoning the numbers of the people of the Commonwealth, or of a State or other part of the Commonwealth, aboriginal natives should not be counted.” This rule especially was disempowering and disrespectful towards the race of the aboriginals, as they were not within the inclusion of census’, this dehumanised their beings and were considered as flora and fauna in which expresses insolence. The reason being as to why these sections were first included within the referendum act as those of the indigenous race were considered to be a dying out race in who were incapable of nourishing and taking care of themselves and if no further action were to be put at hand to “help” them, their race would cease to die out. The changes within the 1967 referendum therefore instilled greater rights and freedoms within the indigenous giving them the ability to vote, citizenship and enhancing their equal rights.

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