In the past in criminal justice system consideration was mostly given for offense or crime carried out thereafter punishment granted to criminal. At that time focus was only to comprehend the personal character and behaviour of criminal. Efforts were also made to understand socio-political and other such relevant factors which contributed towards his criminal conduct yet no consideration was given to the victims of crime and they were totally out of picture in criminal equity framework. In recent couple of decades impact of victimization or exploitation on the sufferer people drew the attention of the criminologists and criminal law workers over the world and they starting thinking and emphasizing on the fact that victim should have been treated with much sympathy and in addition their poise and essential rights must be perceived and secured.
In ancient criminal justice system of human civilization, if there was any occurrence of any wrong doings, personal revenge was the only way for punishing the offender and at that time laws were also outlined with the end goal to repay the victim not for punishing the accuse. The criminal laws of ancient societies were related to crimes (wrong doings) instead of wrongdoer in other words there were not law of violations law but rather it was the law of wrongs. The person harmed due to wrongdoings proceeds against the wrong-doer by an ordinary civil activity and he may recover equal amount of compensation in the form of money for his harm, if he succeeds.In the ancient Hindu Law, punishment for crimes occupied a more significant place rather than paying compensation for wrong doings.