INTRODUCTION Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asiaand the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, includingHinduism,Buddhism, Confucianism,Islamand Christianity, all strong in the major trading cities. Indonesia is a country with a mix of interesting cultures, exotic foods, and beautiful places. That is why it is quite a waste if the world never knows about Indonesia, and by then here comes the role of Indonesian prime minister to boost the touristic values of Indonesia, and brings out the best of Indonesia in the eyes of the world. Values of Indonesian Culture Every culture has its own assumptions and values about what it believes and considers right. When it comes to assumptions and values, people tend to be subjective because the value itself has been planted in them since they were young. Those values are being planted in their mind until they believe in it as if it is the right one. It also happens in my home countrys values. Tradition believes older people have earned respect, because they have survived. Also, Indonesians believe many resources make life easier. In Indonesian education, two values from these assumptions are the teacher is an elder and is always right. The Japanese culture is unlike any other in the world. It has long been known for its excellence in education and its strong background of family and religion. The Japanese way of life is an assortment of art, literature, music and more it is nothing short of spectacular. In this research paper, I will explain about some of the different aspects of the Japanese life style as well as take a cultural look into the life of the Japanese. The Japanese culture is one that is rich within an historical and traditional context. Many of the traditional practices established hundreds of years ago can be seen today in modern Japan and are a direct reflection of significant historical accounts. The role of woodblock art in Japanese culture is one such reflection to which many historical references and traditions were recorded and captured in pictorial form. DISCUSSION I) HOFSTEDES DIMENSIONS OF INDONESIAN Hofstede define dimensions to make differentiation on national culture which contains of power distance, individualism versus collectivism masculinity versus feminism uncertainty avoidance and Confucian Dynamism (Long-term orientation versus Short-term orientation). Each dimension is measured by index that represents the level of the dimension, which can be indicator of the cultural life of society in the country. Based on Hofstede index, the highest dimension in Indonesia is power distance, the second is uncertainty avoidance, the third is masculinity and the lowest is individualism. The combination of highest index in power distance and uncertainty avoidance give indication that leader have strong power and authority to control their employee based on law, rules and regulation developed by leaders power. The masculinity dimension in Indonesia is fairly high. If compared to Asian average of Hofstedes dimension, it is slightly differences. The lowest index is individualism, which means that Indonesian tends to be collectivism. Hofstedes dimension of national culture in Indonesia can be guidance to adapt in the working environment. Regarding on highest index in power distance, it need high loyalty and obedience to the boss as a leader. It is expected that employee should obey to the boss. They must follow the instruction or order from the boss without any refutations, although sometimes the instruction is not appropriate with employees mind. Sometimes, employee can refuse the instruction, but it is rarely occurred. Therefore, all of decisions depend on the boss. Dependency on the boss is relatively high. The obedience from employee to the boss can be caused of law, rules and regulations created by the boss or the leader. The strictly law, rules and regulations is created because of the society is low tolerance on uncertainty and not ready for rapid change in their surrounding environment. The law, rules and regulation is used to assist in defending themselves from uncertainty of the others behavior. Thats why there are many rules and regulation in Indonesia to control attitude and behavior of society, particularly for employee in working place. It makes the monitoring system on employee is more complex and rigorous. Regarding on masculinity dimension, working environment in Indonesia tend to lead to masculinity rather than femininity. It reflects on the characteristics to give priority of value on assertive, acquisition of money, goods and competition. In working place they tend to show the ownership of their possession, such as new car, embellishment, new mobile phone etc. It occurs not only in the upper class, but also in the middle to lower class. They tend to achieve material success, which is different with femininity that gives more attention on quality of life than material success. Low score in individualism show the attitude of self-interest and family as a common interest in a group. Most of it is made jointly to the group, which needs high emotional dependence to each other. It relates with loyalty, which everyone has responsibility to develop strong relationship to fellow members in the group. Based on the four dimension, the foreigner who has been offered to the job in Indonesia has to adapt to the condition such as obey to the boss, ready to be monitored and controlled in strict rules, ready to deal with environmental condition that compete for material success and concern on the interest of the group. Hofstedes dimension of national culture gives more attention on relationship on society or relationship between parties. It doesnt concern on factors inside the individual, such as motivation, mental toughness, painstaking, competence, maturity, etc HOFSTEDES DIMENDION OF JAPANESE POWER DISTANCE This dimension deals with the fact that all individuals in societies are not equal it expresses the attitude of the culture towards these inequalities amongst us. Power Distance is defined asthe extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally. At an intermediate score of 54, Japan is a borderline hierarchical society. Japanese are always conscious of their hierarchical position in any social setting and act accordingly. However, it is not as hierarchical as most of the other Asian cultures. Some foreigners experience Japan as extremely hierarchical because of their business experience of painstakingly slow decision making process all the decisions must be confirmed by each hierarchical layer and finally by the top management in Tokyo. Paradoxically, the exact example of their slow decision making process shows that in Japanese society there is no one top guy who can take decision like in more hierarchical societies. Another example of not so high Power Distance is that Japan has always been a meritocratic society. There is a strong notion in the Japanese education system that everybody is born equal and anyone can get ahead. INDIVIDUALISM The fundamental issue addressed by this dimension isthe degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members.It has to do with whether peoples self-image is defined in terms of I or We. In Individualist societies people are supposed to look after themselves and their direct family only. In Collectivist societies people belong to in groups that take care of them in exchange for loyalty. Japan scores 46 on the Individualism dimension. Certainly Japanese society shows many of the characteristics of a collectivistic society such as putting harmony of group above the expression of individual opinions and people have a strong sense of shame for losing face. However, it is not as collectivistic as most of her Asian neighbours. The most popular explanation for this is that Japanese society does not have extended family system which forms a base of more collectivistic societies such as China and Korea. Japan has been a paternalistic society and the family name and asset was inherited from father to the eldest son. The younger siblings had to leave home and make their own living with their core families. One seemingly paradoxal example is that Japanese are famous for their loyalty to their companies, while Chinese seem to job hop more easily. However, company loyalty is something, which people have chosen for themselves, which is an Individualist thing to do. You could say that the Japanese in-group is situational. While in more collectivistic culture, people are loyal to their inner group by birth, such as their extended family and their local community. Japanese are experienced as collectivistic by Western standards and experienced as Individualist by Asian standards. They are more private and reserved than most other Asians. MASCULINITY A high score (Masculine) on this dimension indicates that the society will be driven by competition, achievement and success, with success being defined by the winner / best in field a value system that starts in school and continues throughout organisational life. A low score (Feminine) on the dimension means that the dominant values in society are caring for others and quality of life. A Feminine society is one where quality of life is the sign of success and standing out from the crowd is not admirable.The fundamental issue here is what motivates people, wanting to be the best (Masculine) or liking what you do (Feminine). At 95, Japan is one of the most Masculine societies in the world. However, in combination with their mild collectivism, you do not see assertive and competitive individual behaviors which we often associate with Masculine culture. What you see is a severe competition between groups. From very young age at kindergartens, children learn to compete on sports day for their groups (traditionally red team against white team).In corporate Japan, you see that employees are most motivated when they are fighting in a winning team against their competitors. What you also see as an expression of Masculinity in Japan is the drive for excellence and perfection in their material production (monodukuri) and in material services (hotels and restaurants) and presentation (gift wrapping and food presentation) in every aspect of life. Notorious Japanese workaholism is another expression of their Masculinity. It is still hard for women to climb up the corporate ladders in Japan with their Masculine norm of hard and long working hours. UNCERTAINTY AVOIDANCE The dimension Uncertainty Avoidance has to do with the way that a society deals with the fact that the future can never be known should we try to control the future or just let it happen This ambiguity brings with it anxiety and different cultures have learnt to deal with this anxiety in different ways. The extent to which the members of a culture feel threatened by ambiguous or unknown situations and have created beliefs and institutions that try to avoid these is reflected in the score on Uncertainty Avoidance. At 92 Japan is one of the most uncertainty avoiding countries on earth. This is often attributed to the fact that Japan is constantly threatened by natural disasters from earthquakes, tsunamis (this is a Japanese word used internationally), typhoons to volcano eruptions. Under these circumstances Japanese learned to prepare themselves for any uncertain situation. This goes not only for the emergency plan and precautions for sudden natural disasters but also for every other aspects of society. You could say that in Japan anything you do is prescribed for maximum predictability. From cradle to grave, life is highly ritualized and you have a lot of ceremonies. For example, there is opening and closing ceremonies of every school year which are conducted almost exactly the same way everywhere in Japan. At weddings, funerals and other important social events, what people wear and how people should behave are prescribed in great detail in etiquette books. School teachers and public servants are reluctant to do things without precedence. In corporate Japan, a lot of time and effort is put into feasibility studies and all the risk factors must be worked out before any project can start. Managers ask for all the detailed facts and figures before taking any decision. This high need for Uncertainty Avoidance is one of the reasons why changes are so difficult to realize in Japan. LONG TERM ORIENTATION This dimension describeshowevery society has to maintain some links with its own past while dealing with the challenges of the present and future, and societies prioritise these two existential goals differently. Normative societies. which score low on this dimension, for example, prefer to maintain time-honoured traditions and norms while viewing societal change with suspicion. Those with a culture which scores high, on the other hand, take a more pragmatic approach they encourage thrift and efforts in modern education as a way to prepare for the future. At 88 Japan scores as one of the most Long Term Orientation oriented societies. Japanese see their life as a very short moment in a long history of mankind. From this perspective, some kind of fatalism is not strange to the Japanese. You do your best in your life time and that is all what you can do. Notion of the one and only almighty God is not familiar to Japanese. People live their lives guided by virtues and practical good examples. In corporate Japan, you see long term orientation in the constantly high rate of investment in RD even in economically difficult times, higher own capital rate, priority to steady growth of market share rather than to a quarterly profit, and so on. They all serve the durability of the companies. The idea behind it is that the companies are not here to make money every quarter for the share holders, but to serve the stake holders and society at large for many generations to come (e.g. Matsuhista). INDULGENCE One challenge that confronts humanity, now and in the past, is the degree to which small children are socialized. Without socialization we do not become human. This dimension is defined asthe extent to which people try to control their desires and impulses, based on the way they were raised. Relatively weak control is called Indulgence and relatively strong control is called Restraint. Cultures can, therefore, be described as Indulgent or Restrained. 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