Islamic Online University
Bachelor of Arts in Islamic Studies
STUDENT NAME: N’MAH SILLAH
STUDENT ID: ST10077451
COURSE NAME/CODE: Hadeeth 102 (HAD 102)
ATTEMPT COUNT: 1
TOPIC: Discuss the virtues of the day of jum’ah and the Sunnah practices of this auspicious day.
Praise be to Allah, Who has sent to His servant the Book, and has allowed their in no crookedness. May the peace and blessing of Allah rain upon His last Prophet, the seal of the Messengers, Muhammad (PBBH). “O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salaah (prayer) on Friday (Jum’ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allaah Jumu’ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salaah (prayer) and leave off business (and every other thing). That is better for you if you did but know!”Al-Jumu’ah 62:9.
Friday ( Jum’ah) is a very significant day in the life of every Muslim, even those Muslim who are not practical Muslims on jum’ah most of them rushing to the masjid for jum’ah , even though we are not supporting their ideas of been heedless in their regular prayers. It shows that majority of the Muslims in general knew the virtues of jum’ah, and they adhere to the call of Allah. Jum’ah has a historical background which the prophet had explain in many hadeeth. It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (RA) said: The Messenger of Allaah (pbuh) said: “The best day on which the sun rises is Friday. On it Adam was created, on it he was admitted to Paradise and on it he was expelled therefrom.” We have learnt from different explanation from the salaf that we should understand that the expelling of Adam (pbuh) from Jannah the way the ignorant people understand it, as been thrown out of paradise, rather we should understand that his removal from paradise was for a reason, because before even he was created Allah had already destined that he will have to come down to earth.
Scholars have explained several virtues of jum’ah, some of these virtues are:
The day of gathering: this is important as throughout the week most of the Muslims pray in their homes, work place , and business places, yawm ul jum’ah brings most of the people together , and This day increase spiritual unity, brotherhood, and mutual consultation among Muslims in their community. This clearly shows the importance of jum’ah. Apparently, it is obligatory for men to go for Jum’ah prayer, no matter what unless if there’s a serious problem.
Dying on the day of jum’ah: Whoever dies during the day or night of Friday, Allaah will protect him from the trial of the grave.
It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr said: The Messenger of Allaah (pbuh) said: “There is no Muslim who dies during the day of Friday or the night of Friday but Allaah will protect him from the trial of the grave.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 1074; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Ahkaam al-Janaa’iz, p. 49, 50
Blessings on the day of Jum’ah: there are lot of blessings on the day of jum’ah, for example Praying Fajr in congregation on Fridays is the best prayer that the Muslim can pray during the week. As it was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: The Messenger (pbuh) said: The best prayer before Allaah is Fajr prayer on Friday in congregation.” Narrated by Muslim, 1410. in another narration, narrated from Abu Hurayrah (RA) that the Messenger of Allaah (pbuh) said: “The five daily prayers and from one Jumu’ah to the next is an expiation for whatever sins come in between them, so long as one does not commit a major sin.”(Muslim 233).
As the prophet had taught us everything with regards to the various rituals of the deen, Jum’ah is not an exception, he (pbuh) taught us different sunnah acts that we should perform on the day of jum’ah, just to list a few:
Having bath (Ghusl) on a Friday, though not compulsory, but it an encouraged sunnah.as reported that prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: Whoever does Ghusl then comes to Jum’ah, and prays as much as Allah decrees for him, then listens attentively until the Khutbah is over, then prays with him (the imam), will be forgiven for (his sins) between that and the next Jum’ah and three more days. (Muslim, 857)Al-Nawawi (Ra) said: The scholars said that what is meant by his being forgiven between the two Jum’ah and three more days is that a good deed is worth ten like it, so he will be rewarded with ten rewards for each of the good deeds that he did on Friday. Some of our companions said: what is meant by what is between the two Jum’ah is from Jum’ah prayer and the Khutbah until the same time on the following Friday, so that it will be seven days, no more and no less, then three days are added making ten in all.
Wearing neat and nice garment, as the day itself is special, it is obvious we should appear special to observe the day, even if the garment is old as long as it is clean and tidy.It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet (Pbuh) said: “O Muslims! Allah Ta’ala has made this day a day of Eid. So have a bath on this day, whoever has perfume should apply it, and use the Miswaak. ” (Ibn Majah)
Coming early to jum’ah, walking in a calm and dignified manner, not stepping over people, not pushing between people had great reward on the individual, this is clear in the narration of the Prophet (Pbuh) “On the day of Jum’ah, the angels stand at the entrance of that Masjid in which Jum’ah salaah is to be offered. They write down the name of the person who enters the Masjid first, and thereafter the name of the person who follows, and they continue doing this. The person who entered first will receive the reward of sacrificing a camel in the path of Allah; the one who followed him will get the reward of sacrificing a cow, thereafter a chicken, thereafter the reward of giving an egg as charity in the path of Allah. Once the Khutbah commences, the angels close the register and begin listening to the Khutbah. “(Bukhari and Muslim).
These are just few narrations of the virtues of jum’ah as there are many more which are not mentioned, we ask Allah to accept our little effort and guide us to put them into practice.
SUBHANAKA ALLAHUMA WABIHAMDIKA. ASH-HADU AN LAILAHA ILA ANTA. ASTAKH FIRUKA WANATUBU ILAIKA.