It is quite clear that nutrition can have a major impact on exercise performance as well as training adaption. In fact, without proper nutrition, exercise goals will not be fully realized. Recent research, however, indicates that when one eats may have as much influence over achieving exercise goals as what one eats. In other words, timing of nutrient consumption or “nutrient timing” can significantly impact exercise performance, recovery and training adaptation. These responses to nutrient timing are built into our DNA and therefore not limited to the elite athlete. Everyone, young and old, male and female, untrained and trained will respond to nutrient timing.