It's nothing new, that everybody feels depressed at some time or another in their lives.
However, it becomes a problem when that depression is so much a part a person's life that
person can no longer see the happiness right in front him. Holden Caulfield, in J.D. Salinger's
The Catcher in the Rye, faces the same problem; he is a confused, negatively charged
adolescent character in search of his identity and his place in the world. He suffers from
manic depression, which stems from a desire not to grow up and a lack of closure in his
brothers death, obviously death of his sibling is very depressing as we see that the
relationships people share with siblings are often the longest lasting they will ever have
(Crispell, 1992). But this all has led to an extreme lack of personal motivation, low self
esteem and compulsive lying, his inability to self-reflect and his stubbornness to overlook the
obvious that collectively resulted in him giving up on life before he ever really has a chance
to get it started. Holden lacks the essential ability to motivate himself, which he needs to
survive in the 'real' world. He does not see the importance of progress, maturity and
responsibility, necessary attributes to a functional American dream.