Plastic Pollution
Whenever you walk on the beach do you notice the plastic in the water or on the sand? Do you ever think that something should be done about this? Plastic pollution is something that’s hurting the environment and is growing more and more every year. Plastic pollution is caused by people using the ocean as a trash can. People are careless and would rather litter than throw the plastic bag away or recycle it. Convenience to people is better for them than the environment. Throughout the years the pollution has gotten worse. In the last few years like in 2008, global plastic consumption has been estimated at 260 million tons. Last year 320 million tons of debris was found and it is estimated to double by the year 2035. On a daily 150 tons of marine plastic debris end up on the shores of japan and 300 tons a day on India’s coasts. What we must accept is that plastic never goes away and harms the environment very badly. Think about the things used in people’s daily lives like grocery bags, drinking bottles, and straws. Virtually every human being on this planet uses plastic materials directly and indirectly every single day. Plastic pollution kills, pollutes the water, and is difficult to clean up.
Plastic pollution kills marine life. Marine animals such as seabirds, whales, and sea turtles are affected. An animal in the ocean just wants to survive. Plastic stops animals from surviving in various ways. Much of which inevitably finds its way into marine ecosystems as microscopic particles. The water gets dirty and its hard for the animals to breathe. A sea turtle can mistake a plastic bag for a jellyfish and that leads to blockade in the gut and leads to an internal death. The plastic also makes them buoyant, and unable to dive for food. Fish in the North Pacific inject 12,000 to 24,000 tons of plastic every year. When seabirds inject plastic, it reduces the storage volume of the stomach and makes them eat less. So, the seabirds usually die from starvation. Zooplankton is a type of plankton consumed by marine animals and the zooplankton is starting to contain toxins from the plastic. Since zooplankton is at the bottom of the food chain the animal that eats the zooplankton is eaten by another animal, the toxins can be spread easily. It can cause death to humans as well.
The chemicals are toxic and leave long term effects. Long term effects including endocrine disruption and cancer-causing mutations. Plastic pollution pollutes up oceans and water ways. The floating islands of plastic are called “garbage patches”. The pollution is getting so bad that the drinking water gets more and more contaminated. It affects plants and living organisms so that does include humans. That is the reason why disease spreads because the water is not clean enough. The chemicals of plastic dissolves into the water. That is why when you go into the ocean it’s dirty and plastic bags are everywhere. This type of pollution also has a huge cost for taxpayers and local governments because they have to clean trash off the beaches to protect public health. They also don’t want to lose tourism. The plastic pollution has a big impact on how the water is and how it affects living organisms.
Plastic pollution is difficult to clean up and costs a lot of money. It is difficult to clean up because it takes dedicated people to clean up the beaches People are careless but still the small groups of people who we don’t deserve come together to try to clean the beaches. Even though they clean the beaches the cycle still goes on of plastic ending up on the beach and having to keep cleaning it. The most effective way to stop plastic pollution is to make sure it never gets there in the first place. If people just get more informed about how bad it is then they would get involved. People just must recycle more and litter less, then there would be a big change. There are organizations that come together to stop the pollution. People can cut plastic items out of their routine and start taking responsibility Plastic pollution is harmful to the environment. Killing innocent marine animals is not right. Polluting water is bad for living organisms because organisms need water to survive. Plastic is really difficult to clean up; however, it is not impossible. People just have to get informed over this topic and then changes will occur. Then it will be less likely to get toxins in the water. More marine animals will live and the water can get clean. Just recycling something little can make a big change. It takes something to change to make a big change.