Post-World War I nativist activists such as the Hood River Anti-Alien Association13, pressured the U.S government to pass a law which prohibitet Japanese immigrants from leasing or owning land. While limiting the European immigration, the National Origins Act14 of 1924 essentially excluded any Japanese immigration.
An Issei fought against discriminating actions and legislation through public appeals and the courts, insisting on their status as hard-working, loyal Americans. Although Japanese immigrants leased not more than 8 percent of Yakima Indian Reservation land, many white people in Yakima claimed that the Japanese were scaring away other farmers who were Amercians. The Japanese even paid for World War I bonds and embraced English-language efforts. Japanese living in Hood River disproved charges thrown at them by the Anti-Alien Association and demonstrated their commitment to the city by improving the appearance of their houses and promising to limit further immigration to their area. The Japanese Farmers’ Association even gave over a thousand dollars to the Oregon Japanese Association’s efforts to stopt the anti-Japanese legislation.15