Professional Development Needs Assessment
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Introduction
Many successful leadership strategies are based on leader’s strength, the environment, the situation and stakeholders involved. For professional nurse leaders, there is a need to have effective communication skills which are beneficial in developing strong inter-professional teamwork and collaboration among nurses and other disciplines within a healthcare setting. These aspects in a nurse leader are very significant in optimizing patience care safety which is a priority for most healthcare administrators, directors, and managers. Developing a plan for professional development is important in developing professional leaders equipped with managerial skills. This essay seeks to develop and outline various steps taken to achieve a professional development needs assessment (Giltinane, 2013).
Difference between leadership and management
In a broader perspective, the major difference between leaders and managers is; leaders have followers whereas managers have people who work for them. As a good nurse leader, one has to integrate these two qualities to achieve their target goals. A nurse leader has to be a strong leader and manager to get many followers who help in realizing their vision of success. Successful nurses are those that engage others in their work to become effective in pursuit of their shared goals. Some of the goals aimed at by successful nurses include; provision of excellent care to patients, reducing infection rates and designing cost-effective procedures to attain their targets. The concept of leadership is broader than that of management, for a person to become a good manager there is need to portray adequate leadership skills. As opposed to leaders, managers focus on the achieving of organizational goals. A leader can understand well the situation they want to influence, make changes that will fill the gap between the current situations and what they want to achieve in future. Additionally, good leaders develop effective communication skills that aid them in maintaining a great collaboration with their followers (“Grounding Our Practice in Nursing Professional Development,” 2014).
One of the common tasks of a manager is coaching. As a good nurse manager, one must be ready and willing to show their subordinates and team members the right directions towards the vision and mission of a health care center. Managers are responsible for planning for their subordinate workers. Managers should aim at planning for the future activities that an organization should take. Also, managers have a task of motivating employees in performing their duties effectively. To get best results from workers, there is need to motivate them. Leadership skills are essential at an individual level. As a leader, one has to know their technical competence and weaknesses to realize ways to make significant impacts on their performance. Another situation that requires a leader is in a group. A group is a very diverse setup that requires the skills of a leader to organize its performance. There is also o high demand for a leader in organizations. There is need to know how to handle the duties of different personnel in an organization. As a good nurse leader, one must be in a better position to observe what is going on in their areas of delegation, adjust their behavior and that of other subordinate staff and find the most effective ways to change situations that need changes (“Grounding Our Practice in Nursing Professional Development,” 2014).
Key concepts
The main reason for nurses to study leadership is to understand their duties as leaders and know how to work and relate well with other inter-professional staff. The key concepts in the field of nursing that help nurse leaders deliver services to their level best include; effective communication skills, leadership skills and management skills. Adequate communication skills ensure there is proper communication between nurse leaders and other coordinate staffs. Effective communication skills encompass understanding the target audience for the message being delivered. Nurses work with a vast variety of people; technicians, housekeepers, unit managers, therapists, and patients. Leadership skills include; creating an inspiring vision for the future, motivating the coordinate staff to engage with the set vision. Leadership skills also include coaching and building a team that realizes the set vision for their organization. Management is a universal phenomenon that is vital in any organization. Management involves creating an internal environment that directs efforts of a group towards attaining the goals of an organization. To manage their duties by the vision and goals of health care centers, nurses have to deploy their leadership and managerial skills to manage this diversification in their career. The key nursing leadership skills are essential in setting priorities in an organization. It is important to decide on what to give a priority in health care centers, whether taking care for a group of patients or designing a strategic plan for an organization (Hauck, Winsett, ; Kuric, 2012).
How leadership, management and communication skills facilitate collaboration with inter-professional teams
The management skills help a nurse leader in solving problems encountered in the delivery of their services. Some of the frequent problems encountered by nurses include; patient problems, paperwork problems, and staff problems. Adequate communication ability encourages the exchange of information. The measure ensures there is no misunderstanding between workers and promotes inter-professional collaboration between the staff. Adequate communication skills help in obtaining feedbacks. It is evident that nurses need feedback on the effectiveness of their performance. This leadership, management and communication concepts facilitate collaboration with inter-professional teams (“Interprofessional Education,” 2015).
Leadership self-assessment
In my view, I prefer using a combination of democratic and transformation leadership styles. The combination of the two styles helps in developing a very stable and reliable style of leadership where the subordinates are involved in making decisions, the leader in this position can give a final decision after delegating authority to other people who also influence the decision made. In my capacity I prefer using assertive communication style. This communication ensues there is an open communication between Nurse leaders and other workers in the field of nursing. Assertive communication allows leaders to express their own desires and ideas while considering the views of others. One of the major advantages of this style is a high level of communication from management to subordinates to attain their goals. This style ensures a leader is effective by equipping him or her with skills like; fairness, competence, creativity, courage among others plays a significant role in the nursing field.
Skill development
Some skills need future professional development, these include; communication, how to become a better follower and developing self-respect and work ethics. For any successful nurse leader in the future, there is need to focus on how to develop both managerial and leadership skills by majorly looking at the skills mentioned above. In my current position as a nurse leader, I need training on how to work together with disciplinary teams like; physicians, pharmacists, and social workers in the medical field. I should also get training on how to collect and evaluate treatment results and workers to improve on the outcomes by advocating for evidence-based procedures (Martin, Godfrey, ; Walker, 2015).
Conclusion
Health care is a very delicate sector that requires competence and skill ability by the medical practitioners to ensure quality in the delivery of their services. The above discussed are some of the steps and skills that a nurse leader can learn or be equipped with to become a high performer in the medical field. The profession of nursing involves maintenance of high ethical principles and observance of standards. Leadership and managerial skills are vital equipment for a nurse leader to perform in a new job position (Giltinane, 2013).

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