Sylvia Ray Rivera
Ray Rivera was born and grew up in New York City in 1951. When he was only 3 years old, he was abandoned by his father and became an orphan after his mother committed suicide. Rivera was then raised by his grandmother, and at his young age he showed a lot interests on some effeminate behaviors like makeup, which was disapproved by his grandmother. As a result, Rivera left away from home at the age of 10 in 1961. He began to roved on the streets and worked as a prostitute. About Rivera’s gender, his physiological nature is male, but he considered himself as a transgender, so he changed his name into Sylvia Rivera.
In terms of what she wanted, it reconnects to Rivera’s experiences of battling substance abuse and living in gay homeless community. During a later interview, she said: “The early 60s was not a good time for drag queens, effeminate boys or boys that wore makeup like we did. Back then we were beat up by the police, by everybody.” Apparently, Rivera’s experiences made her paid more attention on the problems of lesbian, gay/ bisexual and transgender people. From then on, Rivera used her voice to give her community power at different times in her life. She wanted to fight for herself but more importantly the most unprotected ‘marginal people’, which includes transgender people, gay community, low income drag queens and also homeless youth. As an individual who suffered from poverty and prejudice, Sylvia Rivera decided to use her voice to form a uniting group by sharing her own painful and struggling experiences, to show that they are not alone.
As for how she fought for it, firstly we have to mention about the Stonewall Uprising in June 28, 1969. In the early morning, when New York police raided the inn and tried to take away some customers, there were many people gathered outside the inn. And as a regular patron, Sylvia Rivera was also in the crowd, they threw bottles and other objects to the police. These resistance actions triggered a sudden riot and protest, which marked the US contemporary LGBT liberation movement. One year later, Rivera and her friend Johnson established STAR (Street Transvestite Action Revolution) to strive for transgender rights. The group was dedicated to prohibit discrimination on the sexual orientation in employment, housing, education or the exercise of civil rights, which was the first shelter established to advocate, provide services for transgender groups. Apart from that, as people in the forefront of the LGBT movement, Rivera also devoted herself to giving some speeches on behalf of STAR, these speeches are mainly about about the Stonewall Uprising or the necessity for unity among transgender people. And although STAR stopped during the next few years, Rivera resurrected it as an active political organization.
The answer for ‘Did she get it’ is yes, in some ways, Rivera founded the modern transgender movement, she created a loud and persistent voice for the rights of LGBT people. In other words, she was the pioneer who got “T” into LGBT ——the definition of gender was expanded in NYC Human Rights Law in 2002, which includes protections for trans and gender-different people. What’s more, Rivera’s struggles are intersected with issues of poverty and discrimination faced by low-income or color people. At the same year, a Law Project was launched and named for Sylvia Rivera, which is called SRLP. The SPLR works to continue Sylvia’s work by focusing on issues of poverty and racism, as well as struggles of queer and trans people. It seeks to ensure that all people are free to determine their gender identity, regardless of income or race difference, and do not face molestation, discrimination or violence.