The Effect of Positive Emotion on Subjective Well Being
Subjective well-being includes not only emotional reactions but cognitive judgments as well. It consists of many components, such as judgments in one’s life, feeling of purposefulness in life, optimism, amounts of positive affect, and life satisfaction (Larsen, 2009). Although life satisfaction can be affected by many factors, it represents the judgment of how one’s life is going at any moment. Many different components can affect a person’s life satisfaction. It has been found that when evaluating an individual’s well-being over time is more accurate for assessing the relation between both positive emotions rather than negative emotions. Although both positive and negative emotions are combined into overall judgments of one’s self-happiness. (Larsen, 2009).
Although many researchers find the topic of subjective well-being a very interesting topic it can be hard to measure the well-being of another individual’s life and how one feels about their own life satisfaction. There is a wide range of emotions one may feel about his/her own life such as, complete positive emotion, complete negative emotion, or a combination of both positive and negative emotions. Individuals who experience more positive effects, tend to be more successful staying positive. These individuals are much more likely to live a happier life (Alessandri, Zuf?ano, Fabes, Vecchione, & Martin 2013). Much of the research that has been conducted has found a positive correlation between subjective well-being and life satisfaction. Meaning that how one’s perceives their life at any time can be positively related to their amount of life satisfaction (Alessandri, Zuf?ano, Fabes, Vecchione, ; Martin 2013; Meyers, ; van Woerkom, 2017; Larsen, 2009).
One study describes how much of the current research studies of positive feelings and positive subjective well-being target younger children, teenagers, or high school/ college students not adults. Many of these studies are done on subjective well-being and life satisfaction in daily life, but few are done on adults in the workforce (Meyers, ; van Woerkom, 2017). This experiment shows how to further the progress of the well-being of employees and how the development of individual strengths at work can be linked to positive affect and happiness among workers. Engaging in these strengths that include positive emotions such as pride and gratitude which in return contribute to enhanced general well-being and satisfaction with life. (Meyers, ; van Woerkom, 2017). It has been found that both gratitude and kindness can enhanced satisfaction with daily life and optimism. If an individual experience even a small amount of positive emotion it could help long term life satisfaction. Being that gratitude and happiness are positive emotions they can contribute to a more long-lasting positive change (Kerr, O’Donovan, & Pepping, 2015). In another study, the research test happiness and evaluates hedonic experiences or motivation. A hedonic experience is the influence of an individual’s pleasure receptors on their willingness to move towards a goal. (Gamble ; Garling 2011). This study speci?cally is about current moods and happiness that agrees with life satisfaction and positive affect. The cognitive component in this study is the individuals’ judgement of their own life satisfaction. Subjective well-being increases depending on the frequency of positive affect. Positive affect includes emotions that are more positive like, happiness and joy (Gamble & Garling 2011). Some research suggest that happiness is having pleasant emotions and minimizing any unpleasant emotions one might be experiencing. (Tamir, Schwartz, Oishi, & Kim, 2017). Pleasant emotions such as goal-conducive and happniess are related to subjective well-being and self-satisfaction (Tamir, Schwartz, Oishi, & Kim, 2017).
When positive emotions are used for an independent variable, researchers generally use the presence of a positive emotion and the absence of a negative emotion in their studies. The purpose of this study is to promote positive well-being of employees and have them develop positive feelings that include but are not limited to: joy, happniess, pride and gratitude. Meyers and van Woerkom experiment uses the positive-activity model. By taking part in positive activities individuals working on one’s life satisfaction. This effect is a result of a range of actions/behaviors that create positive emotions. When experiencing positive affect individuals are likely to embrace good things and it can result in long term positive well-being. The participants’ positive affect in relation to the positive emotion and lack of negative emotion is the dependent variable. Methods used to measure the effect of positive emotion included a strengths intervention to test and a set of questionnaires. One two weeks before the intervention, one right after the intervention and one about a month after. Positive affect was measured by using a 10-item PA subscale. The subscale measured the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (Meyers, & van Woerkom, 2017).
This proposed experiment will address how the amount of positive emotions felt by an individual generate positive affect on subjective well-being. Previous studies have described how positive emotions can affect life satisfaction and positive affect on one’s life but there is not as much known on how negative emotions effect life satisfaction and positive affect. The independent variable of the proposed study is the amount of positive emotions vs absent emotions. The dependent variable will be positive affect on subjective well-being. The operational definition of the independent variable will involve a participant doing activities that involve life satisfaction (gratefulness, joy, happniess) before preforming the strengths intervention test. In the controlled condition, the participants will not participate in activities that promote life satisfaction or had absent emotion. The operational definition of the dependent variable will involve a test that evaluates the participants positive affect on subjective well-being. The experiment will determine whether the participants whose recent positive actions/behaviors promoted positive emotion compared to those participants who did who experience absent emotions due to lack of positive actions/behaviors before the test was performed. This will be measured on the subscale testing positive affect and positive well-being.
The hypothesis for this proposed experiment is that participants who engage in positive emotions will have an enhanced general well-being and satisfaction with life than those who do not engage in positive emotions or have absent emotions. This hypothesis suggests that by engaging in activities or behaviors that promote positive emotions in individuals will have greater positive affect subjective positive well-being. ((Larsen, 2009; Meyers, ; van Woerkom, 2017).