The word robot comes from a Czech word robot which means forced labor. In the first century the great Engineer Heron of Alexandria was honored for creating the initial steam engine. He designed interesting robots which has the ability to speak. In 1945, a sketch drawn by the artist Leonardo da Vinci, a mechanical knight whom had hands, legs and also could sit up was considered to be the initial idea for a humanlike robot. In 1948 William Grey Walter, produced the transformation of electronic independent robots and in 1954 the inventor George Devol make the first merchandising, digital and programmable droid named that robot ‘Unimate’. In 1961 general motors buy the robot unimate which was used to pick the items of molten metal from metal casting engine.
In the fullness of time the humanlike machines and robots have become extremely popular in society and become familiar characters by the books, movies and televisions shows. This popularity of robots and machines shows that people are believes that droids will one day walk with us as a helper and even as companions. Nowadays robots play an important role in industries where one robot works for every 10 employees in motorcars manufacturing industries.
Corporate social responsibility as also known as CSR, company/business property, company conscience, company citizenship or accountable business, it may be a form of international private business self-regulation. whereas once it absolutely was doable to explain CSR as an interior organizational policy or a company ethic strategy, that point has passed as varied international laws are developed and varied organizations have used their authority to push it on the far side individual or maybe industry-wide initiatives. Whereas it’s been thought of a kind of company self-regulation for a few times, over the last decade roughly it’s affected significantly from voluntary selections at the extent of individual organizations, to necessary schemes at regional, national and even international levels.
Corporate Social Responsibilities is an organizational policy considered by the organizational level. And as such, to achieve success it should align with and be integrated into a business model. With some models, a firm’s implementation of corporate social responsibilities (CSR) goes on the far side compliance with restrictive necessities, and engages in “actions that seem to additional some social sensible, on the far side the interests of the business which that is needed by law”.
“Corporate Social Responsibility is that the continued commitment by the corporation to behave ethically and give away to economic development whereas rising the standard of lifetime of the men and their families yet as of the local people and society at large” by Lord Holme and Richard Watts. It may be a duty of each company’s body to give security to the interest of the society at giant. Even the purpose of the business is to earn profit, corporate ought to take initiative for welfare of the society and may perform its activities inside the framework of environmental norms. Antecedently it absolutely was voluntary for all the corporate to require steps for betterment of the society except government rules and regulation associated with protection of setting. But, recently with the great efforts of mister. Sachin Pilot and different parliamentary members, CSR has gained importance in new corporations Act, 2013. Clause a 135 of latest corporations Act, 2013 includes following criteria for company Social Responsibility.