There are three theories in the text that Farley discusses. The three theories that are attempted to be discussed and explained about economic discrimination in American society is Gary Becker’s theory, Marxist theory, and the split labor market theory. Even though I believe each one of these theories has their own strengths and weaknesses I am choosing to discuss the Marxist theory. “The Marxist theory of discrimination argues precisely the opposite: Employers or capitalists gain and white workers lose as a result of discrimination (Baran and Sweezy, 1966; Reich, 1986), mainly because racial antagonisms divide workers and thereby weaken their power relative to that of employers” (Farley 2012). Since the elite realize that disparity gives them more influence bringing about more riches for themselves, they could then keep on creating the separation. The entrepreneur could deliberately be controlling the employing of individuals so as to make division among their laborers keeping in mind the end goal to have the capacity to pay bring down wages. “Reich examined 1960 and 1970 census data, for each area he determined the ratio of median black family income to median white family income as a measure of economic racial inequality or discrimination; he also obtained two measures of income inequality within the white population. He found that black-white inequality or discrimination was great, income within the white population was concentrated: The wealthier segment had higher income and the poorer segment lower income than in areas with more racial inequality” (Farley 2012). A shortcoming of the Marxist hypothesis is that the hypothesis doesn’t clarify the source of the discrimination. It just expresses that the first class is the one that advantages the most from the discrimination. I realize that this discussion should not have our opinions in it, however, I feel initially discrimination began because of colonialism in the U.S. “Internal colonialism theorists believe that discrimination exists because of someone benefits from it, specifical people in the dominant group” (Farley 2016).