Throughout Shakespeare’s ‘Macbeth’, multiple themes are used to justify Macbeth’s characters through the whole play. Shakespeare communicates these values through the theme of unchecked Ambition and desire and how it represents a power that ultimately takes over our corrupt selves. Shakespeare expresses these ideas through the character of Macbeth. The use of rhyme as Macbeth states “hide your fires, let light not see my black and deep desires”, emphasises the growing unchecked ambition inside Macbeth as he recoils his horrid thoughts in order to be king. The contrast of light and dark are symbolic for life and death as that is the foundation of the character of Macbeth and his guilt and ambition. Darkness depicts the notion of evil, as Macbeth is referring to his burning ambitious desires to murder the king. In comparison to dark, referring to light in Macbeth refers to truth. Macbeth does not want the light, he wants the opposing, “dark and deep desires” in order to receive the crown. These contrasts can be seen through the dialogue of characters of the play. Shakespeare’s Elizabethan audience values the significance of desire and ambition through the character Macbeth, a tragic hero, taken over by corruption. Shakespeare uses literary values to maintain textual integrity through the power of unchecked ambition on individuals.
Shakespeare’s Macbeth explored various of themes to represent the literary values to the Elizabethan audiences. Simirarly, Brozel’s 2005 film Macbeth, Shakespeare retold explores Shakespeare’s Macbeth through its values and creating characters that are relatable to modern audiences in order to represent the values of the original text. Brozel’s version has parallel themes to Macbeth, both explore the human condition through ambition ultimately leading to corrupt lives. Brozel communicated Shakespeare’s aesthetic and sophisticated language to relate it into film for the young audience. In Macbeth film, Joe Macbeth hugs Duncan as the lighting shines on his eyes. The use of lighting highlights the concern in his eyes when he finds out the prediction of the witches was correct. The close up on Joe’s facial expression represents the idea of desire and unchecked ambition throughout the scene as he’s ideas of killing Duncan are taking over his already corrupt mind. Shakespeare and Brozel’s Macbeth have similarities including the use of using the concept of light and dark to convey the evil minds, as well as hiding the truth through the metaphor and lighting. Brozel’s Macbeth retold conveys Macbeths corrupted mind which was taken over by ambition and desire. Brozel’s adaption of Macbeth maintains its textual integrity by creating character that are relatable to modern audiences to represent the values from the original text.

“and make my seated heart knock at my ribs, against the use of nature” personification
his heart, which is ordinarily ‘seated; in its place, is set in violent motion by the horrid image, unfixed’ just like his hair. The play is full of such images depicting disruption of the natural order of things.
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Through the Elizabethan era, Shakespeare explored the commitments of is desires that are driven by gender roles and how they can be detrimental for an individual. In the play Macbeth, Shakespeare represents the values of Macbeth through the power of influence from opposing genders. Through the manipulation of Lay Macbeths beliefs, she states “and to be more than what were, you would be so much more man”. The use of repetition of “more” represents the idea of Lady Macbeth believing that a true man takes what he wants as she questions his courage of manhood. Macbeth seems keenly aware of his motivations and limitations. Shakespeare gives the audience a presentation of the 16th century audience. Lady Macbeth renounced her womanhood in order to disavow empathy and heartlessly peruse her goal of power. Yet she asks Macbeth to do just the opposite with his gender: to maintain and embrace it. Shakespeare successfully portrays how an individual’s desires are driven by gender roles as he demonstrates this through the plays textual integrity and values of the text.
Similarly, Mark Brozel’s Shakespeare retold represents the gender stereotypes that portray through Macbeth to the modern audience. Brozel’s character Ella Macbeth states “Your too full of the milk of human kindness joe”. Using a metaphor Brozel successfully uses Ella to manipulate Joe into making him feel humiliated. The dissonant music suggests the brutality of is emotions is making him feel worthless. Brozel’s Macbeth is somewhat relatable to our modern audience in comparison to Shakespeare’s play as Ella uses her gender and sexuality to manipulate joe into feeling humiliated. The characters are more humanised which is demonstrated in a way that we can connect to. Both Brozel and Shakespeare creatively represent the power of gender stereotypes and how detrimental it is on an individual. Brozel still maintains Shakespeare’s values of the original text.

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Lady Macbeth “But screw your courage to the sticking place, and well not fail”
Macbeth begins a hypothetical clause “if we should fail” while lady Macbeth offers the similar half formed question “we fail” in contrast to these fragmented construction… “screw your courage”
“screw your courage to the sticking place” implies that sufficient bravery will ensure success regardless of any external influence.
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Macbeth and Joe Macbeth both have similarities that convey its textual integrity in order to adapt to its Elizabethan and modern audiences. Brozel’s Shakespeare retold successfully uses Shakespeare’s universal and timeless ideas to demonstrate the power of ambition and how gender stereotypes can be detrimental to individuals by creating characters that are more relatable to the modern audience in order to represent the values of the original text.
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