Vaccines are the foundation of what makes a society greater. Vaccines were created to protect and help people nationwide by restoring broken people and making them whole again. Medicines and remedies have been through a trial and error process for quite some time and each day researchers are developing exceptional new vaccines. Vaccines should be unanimously known as an alleviator, however that is not the case. Parents (and especially new parents) are worried that these vaccines will hurt or harm their children. Some parents are even boycotting these injections. On the contrary, vaccines have been the best invention to help people stay alive. Vaccines should be required because vaccines can protect children from diseases before they happen, thus having a lower chance of contracting anything.

Undoubtedly, I believe that vaccines are for the betterment of the world. Vaccines have done way more good than bad and have saved numerous people in dire situations. A recent source gave background information on vaccines. “The first instance of vaccine promotion in the United States was in 1721 when Cotton Mather, a Puritan minister, encouraged smallpox vaccination in response to an outbreak. Vaccination as practiced

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today came into being when Edward Jenner, English physician and scientist, created the first smallpox vaccine using cowpox (a disease similar to smallpox that infects cows) and vaccinating an eight-year-old boy in 1796. Jenner’s innovation was used for 200 years, with updates, and eradicated smallpox.”(“Background of the Issue”) This background information displays that vaccines are beneficial, diseases used to be uncontainable but this experiment goes to show that vaccines serve a huge purpose. Even in the 19th century citizens and politicians were already discussing how to incorporate health and wellness into the law. “Later, on Feb. 27, 1813, US President James Madison signed into law An Act to Encourage Vaccination, which created the National Vaccine Agency (now part of the US Department of Health ; Human Services). In 1855 Massachusetts passed the first US state law mandating vaccinations for school children, followed by New York (1862), Connecticut (1872), Indiana (1881), Arkansas (1882), Illinois (1882), Virginia (1882), Wisconsin (1882), California (1888)… 20 states would require immunization to attend public schools; and 29 states by 1970.” (“Background of the Issue”)

Vaccines are necessary for younger children, infants and teens to be healthy while still growing into fully developed human beings. As a parent, they should be concerned about what is going into their child. Vaccines go through many test before being released to the public. The medicine that is given is protecting a child from any diseases before it happens. For example, if someone was going to the beach he or she would put on sunscreen before heading out because they are protecting themselves from sunburns and skin cancer. Receiving vaccines is protecting people from becoming

sick or extremely ill. Vaccines fight off bad bacteria that is in the system and kids should be required to receive a vaccine shot to improve their overall wellbeing.

Many people fear that vaccines are not safe or are unsure how it can affect them. A source from Columbia University Press reveals that children’s parents do not need to be concerned because vaccines are regularly tested. “Before they are licensed, vaccines are tested in tens of thousands of children. These studies are large enough to determine whether vaccines cause common or uncommon side effects, but not large enough to determine whether a vaccine causes a rare side effect. To test for this, two postlicensure system were put in place in the late 1980s and early 1990s: the Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting system (VAERS) and the Vaccine System Datalink (VSD).” (Offit and Moser 37) These studies also check to see if any patients develop any types of diseases and/or health problems. “VAERS and VSD are model system to determine whether a vaccine causes a very rare disease like multiple sclerosis, allergies, asthma and diabetes among others.” (Offit and Moser 39)

To prevent anyone child or adolescent from contracting any flu, disease or harmful health problem pediatricians recommend children receive vaccinations. Vaccines induce immunity from impurities, illness and more. “Children ages 6 months and older should get vaccinated against the seasonal flu as soon as the vaccine is available. This recommendation is from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)…The trivalent vaccine protects against three strains of the virus. A new quadrivalent vaccine protects against the original three plus a fourth strain. The AAP is not recommending one vaccine over the other. The American Academy of Pediatrics

wants everyone to get vaccinated at the earliest chance so they are protected.” (“Pediatrician Group Urges Early Flu Vaccine for Children”) Getting a vaccine increases the chances of not becoming sick which mean a child or loved one is healthy. By not taking the opportunity of this amazing discovery, a child or teen is risking others becoming sick. These dangerous actions may also affect other people. It is different when something affects only one person, that is their decision and their right. However, if an issue such as vaccinations can affect numerous people the dreadful decision to not vaccinate a child can spiral into people becoming ill. So who needs vaccinations the most? “Everyone (6 months of age and older) needs a flu vaccine every year. Vaccination is especially important for: Children with conditions that increase their risk of complications from the flu. Adults who provide care for: Children under the age of 5, Children with high-risk conditions, Doctors, nurses and other health care workers. Women who are pregnant or are thinking about getting pregnant, those who just delivered or are breastfeeding during flu season.” (“Pediatrician Group Urges Early Flu Vaccine for Children”)

“Vaccines given to infants and young children over the past two decades will prevent 322 million illnesses, 21 million hospitalizations and 732,000 deaths over the course of their lifetimes, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.”(Szabo, 2014) The research conducted is to confirm that vaccines are safe and are here to help individuals. The numbers represent how many lives were saved thanks to the vaccines that protect young children and brought hope for a longer sustainable life. Without this type of technology there would still be diseases that are

incurable. Today diseases that are curable are; polio, measles, yellow fever, tuberculosis and countless more. “If an unvaccinated child is exposed to a disease germ, the child’s body may not be strong enough to fight the disease. Before vaccines, many children died from diseases that vaccines now prevent, such as whooping cough, measles, and polio. Those same germs exist today, but because babies are protected by vaccines, we don’t see these diseases nearly as often.” (“Vaccines ; Immunizations”) What the Centers of Disease Control really means is without the help from forming new medicines and tactics the same diseases that affected the world centuries ago would have still been around and people are grateful for the vaccines.

Many people are on the fence with getting vaccinated because of fiction vaccine implications. Researchers, pediatricians and reliable degree-earning experts want to debunk fake sources and showcase hard evidence. “The American Academy of Pediatrics states that most childhood vaccines are 90%-99% effective in preventing disease.”(“Vaccines”) and also “The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimated that 732,000 American children were saved from death and 322 million cases of childhood illnesses were prevented between 1994 and 2014 due to vaccination.” (“Vaccines”) An additional fact is “There are existing vaccines that could stop rotavirus and pneumonia — two conditions that kill nearly 3 million children under the age of five every year”(“11 Facts About Vaccines”) This is important because the research displays that vaccines benefit the world, thus less and less kids are dying over a problem that is trying to be fixed.

Deciding not to use vaccines immediately has also affected a child’s life. “Doctors

have warned parents about the danger of children not having vaccinations after a girl almost died from a bacterial infection that caused meningitis. Helena Harding suffered a heart attack and had to be resuscitated at Great Ormond Street Hospital in October. She was suffering Haemophilus influenzae type b, or Hib, which was introduced into the routine vaccination program for children in 1993.” (Hall 2018) Thankfully, this story had a happy ending to it because many stories like Helena’s does not turn out so great. “The 18-month-old girl has since made a “fantastic” recovery. But her parents said they wanted to warn others of the risks if they decided not to have their children protected against diseases.” (Hall 2018) When the vaccines were introduced that is when Helena’s story had changed. A young child most likely would have died without the help of vaccines and many parents have gone through the lost of a love one because of no treatment. This is an serious issue and affects millions of people with this decision. Still scared of vaccinating? “Not all vaccines are given as shots. Some vaccines are given orally.” (“11 Facts About Vaccines”)

Furthermore, The CDC wants individuals to know that vaccines strengthen and changes people’s lives for the better. “In 2015, the most recent year for which data are available, just 72% of U.S. toddlers had received seven key vaccines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which together protect against 11 potentially deadly diseases.” (Wadman 2015) USA Today states, “Before the measles vaccine became available in 1963, the virus infected about 500,000 Americans a year, causing 500 deaths and 48,000 hospitalizations. In recent years, the number of diagnoses fell to around 60 to 65, mostly in isolated travelers arriving in the U

SA.”(Szabo 2014) This fact clearly shows that vaccines do work and the data backups the speculations. Vaccines guard and protect kids and it is sad that some parents do not see what wonders this new technology has given us. “Newborn babies are immune to many diseases because they have antibodies they got from their mothers. However, this immunity goes away during the first year of life.” (“Vaccines & Immunizations”) CDC explains that immunity is there however it does not last forever there vaccines are necessary to protect vulnerable children. It would be a mistake not to vaccines children so many parents and love ones view vaccines as terrible but in retrospect vaccines keep people alive. “As once common diseases of childhood fade from public view, it is understandable that parents’ attention would shift from the fear of disease to concerns about risks of the vaccines themselves.” (“The Vaccine Wars”) “Well, vaccination requirements are likely to continue to get tougher in the future. Influenza vaccination is already uniformly recommended for all children age 6 months and older.” (“Vaccines Save Lives”) All of the sources have confirmed that this is recommended and starts a child’s live out on the right path. Unfortunately many people do not listen have to suffer to consequences. “Working parents who do not have their children vaccinated may now face another hurdle; influenza vaccination is now being required for preschool and daycare in most states. Legislation has just been passed in the first stages of congress that would require a physician’s note for families declining vaccination. It would need to state that the physician had counseled the parents regarding the consequences of non- vaccination.” (“Vaccines Save Lives”)

In conclusion I hope this was a eye opener for people to tell their loved ones to make sure that kids get vaccinated because it protects them rather than harms them. The professionals are not taking this lightly. They have involved the law into requiring vaccinations for many schools and colleges. Vaccinations and medicines is all for the higher good. Overall, it is extremely important to vaccinate children because it will protect them diseases.