Who was to blame for the start of the Cold War?
“One way of life is based upon the will of the majority, and is distinguished by free institutions . . . free elections . . . and freedom from political oppression. The second way of life is based upon the will of a minority forcibly imposed upon the majority. It relies upon terror and oppression . . . fixed elections, and the suppression of personal freedoms. I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support free people . . . resisting attempted subjugation control by armed minorities or by outside pressures.” Given by President Harry S. Truman on March 12, 1947, this excerpt from Truman’s speech to Congress, was one of the many controversial things done by the US that heightened its tensions with the USSR during the period of the Cold War. This excerpt is a great example of the US being unwilling to be open-minded to the USSR and their policies. Through this essay, I will be explaining to you, the reader, the reasons for why the US is to blame for the start of the Cold War. Including its ignorance behind the motives of Stalin, its willingness to go to brinkmanship, and finally its controversial actions that caused an equivalent amount of backlash action from the Soviet Union.
In this first paragraph, we will be analyzing the following information, in order to prove that the ignorance of the United States, behind the motives of Stalin, was one of the main reasons for the start of the Cold War between the two of them. Nearing the end of the Second World War, the main priority of the Soviet Union was to build itself a shield/buffer to separate itself from the Western part of Europe. Multiple invasions in the past by neighboring countries into the Soviet Union had given the Soviet people a reason to fear future invasions as well. This is all because the Soviet Union had lacked natural borders between itself and Western Europe, and because of this, Stalin at the end of the war was determined to rid the Soviet Union of this past threat, and occupied a few countries that bordered the Soviet Union, which separated it from Western Europe. Stalin believed that this was a necessary action to do, in order to protect his country from any other future invasions. Another topic of importance to talk about is the blockade of Berlin. The blockade of Berlin was an immediate result of the unification of Western Germany. During this time Germany was split into four sections, and these four sections were divided up between the countries of Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and finally the United States. Fear had aroused amongst the Soviets almost immediately after the Western powers all withdraw their troops in their sections of Germany so that the sections could unite, and form West Germany. Finally the last thing that we will be analyzing in this paragraph, to help us prove the fact that the ignorance of the United States, behind the motives of Stalin, had started the Cold War, is the US’s ignorance to just how bad the condition was for Stalin and the Soviet Union after the war. Although 400,000 US deaths had occurred, because of this war. The Soviets had lost even more. The estimated amount of deaths amongst the Soviets was about 50 times more of the men that the US had lost after the war, this is also one of the main reasons for why the goals of the US and the Soviet Union started to split up. The US at the time really didn’t think about the situation from the side of Stalin and the Soviet Union in all three of these events.
After years of repeated invasions into the USSR, the Soviet Union had a reasonable reason for why they did what they did. They felt that the only way to protect the USSR from another invasion again is to have a buffer between itself and Western Europe. The US believed that the USSR had occupied these countries, only in order to secure Communist governments in them, but they never really thought, all about the wanting of Stalin and the Soviets to protect themselves from another invasion again. The same for the other incidents as well, if it wasn’t for the unification of West Germany, then the Soviets wouldn’t have feared that the Western Powers were trying to take over, and then blockaded West Berlin. The US didn’t realize that the fear of the Western powers trying to come together and team up against the USSR, had caused the USSR to make the first move, and finally the signs of the US being ignorant towards just how bad it was in the USSR and for Stalin at the time, and thought their main goal was to spread Communism throughout the world, when the only main focus of Stalin and the Soviet Union at the moment was to recover its from its damages in the war. These three incidents have all only confirmed the fact that the US, was ignorant of the motives of Stalin during the Cold War.
In this second paragraph, we will be talking about, how the US’s willingness to go to brinkmanship had also played a part in the start of the Cold War. At this time, the US already had their own nuclear weapon, which was the atomic bomb. With the possession of this deadly weapon, that could kill thousands in a second, everyone treated the US with caution, including the all-powerful Soviet Union. The results of the two atomic bombs that were dropped on the two cities of Hiroshima Nagasaki, during WWII, proved that the US was willing to take drastic measures, in order to achieve their goals. This frightened many other countries, including the Soviet Union, and as a result of this fear, the Soviet Union decided to create their own nuclear weapon. One that would be thousands of times more powerful than the atomic bomb was ever. A little while later, the US came back with something that would be known today as brinkmanship. Secretary of state, John Foster Dulles threatened on the behalf of the United States that they would be willing to go to the brink or the edge of war with the Soviet Union if it were necessary. In brinkmanship everybody was in stuck shallow waters, brinkmanship needed the backing of large supplies of nuclear weapons, and so what will result from is the start of an arms race between the US and the Soviet. This was basically a race of military supply build up. This is the reason for why the US is to blame for the start of the Cold War because they introduced brinkmanship into the war, and it instead of working to their advantage, had caused an even colder standoff between it and the Soviet Union.
Lastly, we will be discussing why the actions of the US had caused actions that caused an equivalent amount of backlash action from the Soviet Union. There are many controversial actions that the US took that are questionable to the people of today’s world including the creation of the Nato, the unification of West Germany, and the Truman Doctrine. There were many other examples, but these being the main ones, we will be discussing today. Both the creation of Nato, which stands for Northern Atlantic Treaty Organization, and the introduction of the Truman Doctrine had stirred fear among the Soviet, and so they came with up their own alliances, called the Warsaw Pact, and set up an organization that helped countries, in order to promote Communism. The debate if the creation of these two things were really beneficial, or had done more harm then there already was is still being questioned today. Now the unification of West Germany is another action that is questioned heavily today, if West Germany hadn’t unified would the Soviets have blockaded West Germany as a result. The fear of the Western Powers all coming together to go against the Soviet Union was the main fear of the Soviets at that time, and so that’s why they blockaded West Germany in hopes that the Western Power would leave, and therefore eliminate the threat of an invasion of the Soviet Union. Through a few of these actions, we can all see that it was only the actions of the US that caused the Soviets to attack back.
Through this essay, we hope that we explained the reasons for why the US is to blame for the start of the Cold War. Including its ignorance behind the motives of Stalin, its willingness to go to brinkmanship, and finally its controversial actions that caused an equivalent amount of backlash action from the Soviet Union. All the information that is essay is evidence for why the US should, in fact, be the solely blamed for the start of this Cold War. Albert Einstein once said that it is impossible to solve our problems if we have had the same mindset in which we had created them with, and that’s exactly what the US did in this situation, and this is exactly why I believe that the US is to blame for the start of the Cold War.
Lillian Goldman Law Library. 2008, avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/trudoc.asp.
Accessed 17 May 2018.