Yanqi Chen
Ms. Martin
English110
July 17th, 2018
Global Warming in the WorldIntroduction
Global warming is one of the biggest social and environmental problems in the world. The scientists found that carbon-dioxide levels in the atmosphere are rising continuously, and the average temperature has increased in the past forty years (Clemmitt). While mentioning global warming in any way, it often comes with the terms “greenhouse effects,” which represent Earth’s average surface temperature (“Global”). Furthermore, global warming has already impacted human life, communication, and environment. The Union of Concerned Scientists states, “unless we take immediate action to reduce global warming emissions” the damage of global warming will still impact our lives and the entire world. In other words, by finding the way to stop ascending temperatures globally, the Earth will be safe, and people will be safe.  Although many people do not feel the change of global warming, global warming has increased in recent years, and it continuously increases due to human activities and natural causes. Moreover, these causes can lead to negative consequences such as sea level rise, severe droughts, and extreme weather events. However, there are practical actions that can have an impact on global climate change, such as using renewable energy, and reducing water waste, which can help reduce the contribution of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

Global warming refers to the phenomenon of the Earth’s atmosphere and ocean temperatures rising over a period of time, often due to human activities. In the article, “Climate Change,” Jennifer Weeks points out, “News reports last month marked a scientific milestone: Earth’s atmosphere now contains more carbon dioxide (CO2) than at any time in up to 3 million years.” Because burning fossil minerals to generate energy and deforestation form carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, and because these greenhouse gases are highly transparent to visible light while absorbing, long-wave radiation reflected by the Earth, causes global warming is on the rise. This means that global warming and the average temperature is continuing increase and it will keep increasing. Weeks also asserts that because people are increasing the greenhouse effect, global warming caused by it will “just keep accelerating” (Weeks). The consequences of global warming will redistribute global precipitation, melting glaciers and frozen soils, and rising sea levels, which in turn will harm the balance of natural ecosystems and threaten human food supply and living environment.

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Causes
Global warming is caused by a rapid increase in greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and a significant amount of absorption of long-wave radiation from the ground, which in turn increases the greenhouse effect (“Global”). The greenhouse effect is a common name for the effect of atmospheric insulation. The principle itself is straightforward and clear. About one-third of the energy that hits the Earth from the Sun is reflected into space by the clouds and the Earth’s surface. In the article “Global Warming and Climate Change,” Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection mentioned that the rest is absorbed by the land and the ocean and then emitted as infrared rays, which are then absorbed by the polluting gases (small gases) in the atmosphere, which in turn release the infrared rays upwards and the lower side to the surface of the earth (“Global”). This constant jumping energy called the greenhouse effect. If the greenhouse effect did not exist, “the planet would be too cold to support life” (“Global”). Furthermore, in the article “Climate Change,” Marcia Clemmitt claims “the Kyoto Protocol” is the first international treaty that works on climate change, due to the fact that most of the people believe the world is warming, and the biggest reason is “increased atmospheric concentration of so-called greenhouse gasses like carbon dioxide” (7). Moreover, the debate on global warming is not finished yet, but the argument has now shifted to whether the “threat” of global warming can be fixed with money.
First of all, there are many human activities cause global warming. In the article, “Global Warming and Climate Change,” Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection explains the major causes of global warming. It states that “human activities,” especially fossil fuel combustion or deforestation, are largely reducing “Earth’s vegetation,” which can absorb more than 20 billion metrics tons of carbon dioxide annually (“Global”). However, in the past 150 years, the concentration of oxygen in the atmosphere has decreased by more than 70 percent. Moreover, Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection points out that global warming cause to the “greenhouse gases such as nitrogen oxide and methane” to increase, largely that due to human activities – especially in the agriculture and industry sectors. Humans burn coal, oil, natural gas, trees, and generate a lot of carbon dioxide and methane, which goes into the atmosphere and unbalance the carbon cycle and change the energy conversion form of the Earth’s biosphere. “Global Warming and Climate Change” states, “A methane gas leak from a  HYPERLINK "http://go.galegroup.com.libproxy.sbcc.edu:2048/ps/retrieve.do?resultListType=RELATED_DOCUMENT&searchType=ts&userGroupName=cclc_santa&inPS=true&contentSegment=&prodId=OVIC&docId=GALE|PC3010999211&it=r" o "Related articles for’California’" California storage facility vented about five billion cubic feet of gas into the atmosphere,” and there are no signs of slowing down. The increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide emissions is the cause of global warming. “Global Warming and Climate Change” is basically saying that people destroyed the forest, industrial pollution and so on, human activities play a major role in global warming.

Consequences
In addition, natural causes also lead to global warming. Natural processes on Earth often create and destroy “greenhouse gases.” The decay of animals and plants increase carbon dioxide (“Global”). The CO2 released during the formation of the large igneous rock province is an important cause of global warming, but the large igneous province that causes global warming has multiple effects, and the greenhouse effect is only one of them. Rock Formations also leads to the warming of the bottom water of the ocean, which is an irreplaceable heating effect in the huge igneous province. In addition to this, Methane is another problem that contributes to global warming. Clemmitt notes that Methane is also a greenhouse gas. Methane captures 20 times more heat in the atmosphere than carbon dioxide. Usually, methane gas comes “from animals and other sources” (Par.7). The evidence is clear that global warming is not only caused by human activities, also have natural causes. Furthermore, greenhouse gases often stay a long time in the atmosphere, but the effect that global warming will lead to many serious problems. Rising sea levels and increased coastal flooding will be one of the extreme problems that caused by global warming. The Union of Concerned Scientists points out that in “Global Warming Impacts: The Consequences of Climate Change are Already Here,” Twenty years ago, The average of worldwide sea levels already increased almost ten inches, especially on the “U.S. East Coast and Gulf of Mexico,” because global warming is “now accelerating the rate of sea level rise, increasing flooding risks to low-lying communities and high-risk coastal properties whose development has been encouraged by today’s flood insurance system” (Union of Concerned Scientists). Also, more severe droughts will happen in many areas. Union of Concerned Scientists also asserts, somewhere in the United States, the droughts appeared- that is due to global warming, and “climate models unanimously project increased drought in the American Southwest.” Without a doubt, global warming has many negative consequences to those who live nearby coastline or place that lack of water.
Solutions
Despite the scope of the global warming, there are simple steps everyone can take to reduce global warming. Carbon dioxide is the biggest contributor to climate change. When people are using private cars, smart phones, or burning fossil fuels such as coal and oil, it will be released. By reducing usage, we can curb our contribution to climate change while also saving money. Melissa Denchak lists some of these simple steps in the article, “How You Can Stop Global Warming” she gives a dozen recommendations to people that will help to reduce the global warming, and it is not that expensive:
Speak up
Power your home with renewable energy
Weatherize
Invest in energy-efficient appliances
Reduce water waste
Actually, eat the food you buy- and make less of it meat
Buy better bulbs
Pull the plugs
Drive a fuel-efficient vehicle
Maintain your ride
Rethink planes, trains and automobiles
Shrink your carbon profile
These tips include very small things people can do in day-to-day life. Obviously, only if everybody starts these actions can make a change happen.
Another way to reduce global warming is recycling. Recycling can reduce garbage by reusing plastic bags, bottles, papers, and glass. For instance, when we buy foods, we can use our own containers instead of plastic bags. Another example is after finishing a water bottle, we can reuse it. If all this is done, a human can reduce deforestation and help save the environment. Furthermore, one can turn off the electricity if unused. It can save thousands of pounds tons/ cubic feet of carbons dioxide, and one can buy a product that has energy saving because it saves cost and save the environment. Re-manufacturing products require a lot of energy, and recycling and reuse can reduce the energy needed to make new products. Use the government-resourced recycling bin. If there is no recycling bin nearby, collect the plastic, aluminum and paper products and send them to the nearest recycling station on a regular basis. Also, don’t throw away unwanted things and donate them to those in need, and use fewer paper towels, paper plates or other disposable tableware; Switch to towels, reusable plates and cutlery.

In the same way that government can lead to reducing global warming, government’s action as easily part of the solution. In the article, “Global Warming and Climate Change Can Be Stopped If People Try Harder.” Pep Canadell asserts, the usage of fossil fuel is decreasing these years, and “Energy efficiency” also going to improve. At present, there is a well-recognized view in the scientific community that burning fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which causes the atmosphere to heat up, which will cause global warming. Therefore, reducing the burning of fossil fuels such as coal and oil has become the goal of international environmental agreements (Canadell). However, some researchers now suggest that by-products from the combustion of minerals such as coal and oil, such as sulphur dioxide particles, can reflect sunlight, darken the earth and lower the temperature, which almost offsets the greenhouse effect. However, sulphur dioxide is bad for people’s health. In the TED Talk “Climate Change: Thinking outside the Low Carbon Box,” Dr. Peter Kirks, a scientist who studies climate change states, “Because sulfur dioxide is harmful to humans, people will definitely reduce its emissions. However, reducing sulfur dioxide emissions will also reduce the number of particles that can lower the temperature, then the world It will get warmer.”
Conclusion
Global warming is now a serious problem through the world. If the Earth gets ill, humans need to heal the Earth as soon as possible. Global warming leads so many extreme weather events that will hurt humans, but due to human activities, global warming is worsening. Therefore, people need to save our planet. Although we can’t stop people from deforesting resources, we can save every piece of paper and care for flowers and trees. Although we cannot stop people from killing and killing rare animals, we can do it without catching all the animals that the state protects. We cannot stop factories and urban domestic sewage from polluting rivers and lakes, but we can use non-phosphorus washing powder to save water as much as possible. We can collect the used batteries and send them to the collection point, sort the garbage in the house and throw them into the garbage bin, reminding ourselves not to throw paper scraps and protect the cleanliness of our surroundings. If everyone does this, we can reduce global warming. For ourselves, for our children and grandchildren, for the sake of our shared homeland, protecting the environment should be the conscious action of each of us, and act for nature, ourselves and our families.

Works Cited
Clemmitt, Marcia. ;Climate Change.; CQ Researcher, 27 Jan. 2006, pp. 73-96, library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/cqresrre2006012700.

Canadell, Pep. ;Global Warming and Climate Change Can Be Stopped If People Try Harder.; Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection, Gale, 2018. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/IADDFI058285395/OVIC?u=cclc_santa;sid=OVIC;xid=55382535. Accessed 24 July 2018. Originally published as ;We can still keep global warming below 2°C – but the hard work is about to start,; The Conversation, 30 Jan. 2017.

Cox Peter. “Storyteller.” TEDxExeter, 23 Oct. 2015, tedxexeter.com/category/Peter-Cox/.

Denchak, Melissa. “How You Can Stop Global Warming.” NRDC, 5 June 2018, www.nrdc.org/stories/how-you-can-stop-global-warming.

;Global Warming and Climate Change.; Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection, Gale, 2017. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, link.galegroup.com.libproxy.sbcc.edu:2048/apps/doc/PC3010999211/OVIC?u=cclc_santa;sid=OVIC;xid=b2a7d32f. Accessed 18 July 2018.

Union of Concerned Scientists. “Global Warming Impacts: The consequences of climate change are already here,” 2015, www.ucsusa.org/our-work/global-warming/science-and-impacts/global-warming-impacts#.W0_odNJKiUl
Weeks, Jennifer. ;Climate Change.; CQ Researcher, 14 June 2013, pp. 521-44, library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/cqresrre2013061400.